BuildSteel.org has been given permission to run the following cold-formed steel (CFS) sustainability article by Weston Adwell of Intellisteel Group, LLC, and adapted for BuildSteel readers. Photo courtesy of Intellisteel
As construction demands soar, and so do the cost of materials, owners and developers are seeking ways to lower costs without sacrificing quality. In the past, wood was the prominent building material, as it was readily available and research into the environmental impact of using this natural resource was non-existent. However, modern times have cast a powerful light on the timber industry, showing up to seven billion trees are lost to deforestation every year in support of the traditional construction building practices.
Today, more and more companies are turning to alternative construction materials to help mitigate these astonishing numbers and lower our impact on the planet’s limited natural resources. Of those alternate materials, one has quickly made its way to the top, standing apart from the rest for its superior qualities, and that is cold-formed steel (CFS). Steel is not only environmentally friendly but also durable and cost-effective, making it the true “VIP” and preferred material of the construction industry.
What is the CFS Advantage and How Can You Benefit from It?
Reduced Energy Cost
Steel has the advantage of being easily insulated, which lowers energy bills and saves money. When we use less energy, it not only positively affects our cost of living prices, but helps the environment.
These energy savings translates into how quickly projects can be erected, thus saving in waste for the entire timeline of the construction process. Using steel can significantly increase construction speed, up to 50% faster than wood and 50% faster than concrete. By increasing construction speeds, companies can save energy, which in turn, saves money. These savings are passed down to the consumer, decreasing their wait time to enter their newly constructed building and helping to avoid extra expenditures.
Lower Environmental Impact
There are many reasons steel is an excellent construction material, but one of the most important is its reduced impact on the environment. The deforestation sector accounts for a staggering amount of the earth’s carbon emissions, accounting for up to 10% of all emissions released into the atmosphere. This high carbon release not only comes from the pollutants emitted from the vehicles used to tear down the trees, but it’s also due to the high carbon concentration released when the trees die. Forests are vital carbon sinks, which means they absorb the carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere and emit clean air. However, when they are cut down during deforestation, the carbon stored within each tree is released back into the air, increasing emissions at an alarming rate.
By eliminating deforestation, we can help slow the incoming climate crisis, but to do that, we must make the switch from using wood as a primary building material to a more sustainable and environmentally friendly, infinitely recyclable option like steel. Steel uses significantly less energy and causes lower emissions than wood and involves using recycled metals in its production. Additionally, steel lasts significantly longer than wood, reducing the need for replacement materials down the line.
Resists the Elements
Steel has the added benefit of being an incredibly durable material, allowing it to withstand severe weather. Natural disasters like earthquakes, fire, flooding, hurricanes, and seasonal pest control can significantly impact the livelihood of buildings constructed with traditional wood material.
When one of the most devastating disasters, Hurricane Dorian, came ripping through the Caribbean islands, Intellisteel provided future safety through humanitarian efforts of several established foundations for the residents of the Abaco Islands in the Bahamas. We re-built entire structures in these communities that were designed to withstand winds up to 220 mph. We manufactured and pre-panelized the entire structures off site then shipped these pre-fabricated steel paneling structures to residential homes, hurricane shelters, and primary schools to help rebuild the island, and protect its residents and children against future disasters.
As we see severe climate changes approaching, we sit at the forefront of providing alternative ways to offer superior protection against hurricanes, tornadoes, snowstorms, flooding, and earthquakes, making them an all-season, every climate challenge solution. For example, in earthquake-prone areas, steel is certified as the safest building material to use, thanks to its light weight, material resiliency and flexibility as compared to concrete and wood. Effectively insulating steel against extreme temperatures.
Steel production uses far less waste than other building materials, as many companies manufacture their products to order. The ability to produce strictly the amount of product necessary for a project eliminates excess manufacturing emissions, waste from leftover materials, and unnecessary gas consumption from transporting heavier than needed loads. Approximately 30% of the construction materials on a typical project site are unused and wasted, resulting in around 145 million tons of new waste entering our landfills every year. Using steel as a customizable material not only reduces waste but any product that isn’t used is easily recycled and repurposed. It’s easy to see how using steel is the best choice for the environment and the consumer.
During the fabrication process, these scraps are created when each individual component is cut to length, fastener holes are pre-punched and swaged, pre-notched and prepared for assembly. The leftover steel is then collected to recycle. Companies such as Intellisteel are mindful and deliberate about how they deal with waste while on or off site, thus creating a completely sustainable construction environment and eco-friendly process not found with any other traditional construction material, means or method.
When using a company that fabricates its steel to order, it significantly reduces overhead costs, passing the savings down to the consumer. Steel’s long lifespan eliminates the need for replacement or reconstruction down the line, which saves considerable money in the long term. Additionally, with the ability to use recycled materials in the manufacturing process, steel costs remain lower than many other materials, holding its value against extreme market volatility. When using steel as the primary building material, the structure can withstand greater weather phenomena, reducing the cost of repairs, building maintenance and from severe weather incidents. All of these examples add up to money saved, making steel the superior, cost-effective choice.
Companies like Intellisteel utilizing on-site precision manufacturing equipment have unprecedented design flexibility. Unlike other construction materials like wood, CFS studs, beams, walls, trusses, joists, and headers can be formed as needed, enabling the architect to make last-minute changes to the structure without incurring additional time and costs. This unique flexibility opens many construction possibilities, mitigating the time and cost associated with unexpected issues encountered during construction.
There’s truly no comparison when reviewing the benefits of steel over other building materials. Steel stands apart from the rest as the exceptional option for all your framing needs. Once you’ve decided to use steel as your material of choice, finding the right firm who can provide engineering and design for your project’s superstructure framing is vital. You want to ensure you choose a company with the knowledge and expertise to provide you with the highest quality product available.
Learn more about how cold-formed steel can be applied in your upcoming projects, by contacting our team today.